by Avid Thinker May 20, 2013
Almost all brides delight in having a diamond as their wedding ring. Husbands-to-be also make it a point to pick the most beautiful and sparkling diamond they can afford. So we feature the basics of diamonds below and how they had become to be the most popular element for wedding and engagement rings. A big thanks to Hitched UK for the informative resource.
What is a diamond?
Diamond is produced as a result of tremendous heat and pressure within the earth's surface. Recent research has suggested that a temperature of 690°F would be required, together with a pressure of 70,000kg to a square centimetre. Such conditions would only be found at a depth of some 120 miles below the earth's surface. Diamond is then brought to the surface as a result of volcanic activity; all this happened between 75 and 120 million years ago.
The 4 C's – Cut, Clarity, Colour and Carat
Cut is considered to be the most important of the 4C's because a well cut diamond sparkles more than any other gem. Exact little planes called facets direct rays of light into the diamond. The light is then reflected outward, creating the diamond's fire and brilliance. Fire is the intensity of the rainbow of colours emanating from a diamond, and brilliance is the liveliness of a diamond. It's important to distinguish between the cut and the “shape” of a diamond.
Clarity is determined by the degree to which a diamond is free from natural internal inclusions or imperfections. Most diamonds contain some inclusions, visible only through a jeweller's loupe, the magnifying instrument professionals use to examine and evaluate gemstones.
In a diamond, the best colour is no colour, allowing the stone to cleanly reflect and refract light. Diamonds are rated for colour on a letter scale beginning with D, which is perfectly colourless, to Z, the lowest colour rating.
Carat refers to the weight of the diamond, not its size. There are 100 points in a carat. Therefore, a diamond of 50 points weighs 1/2 of a carat. Larger diamonds of one carat or more are rare and of greater value per carat. Understanding what makes every diamond different ensures that your engagement ring will be a unique symbol of enduring quality and love. Remember to shop from a reputable jeweller and request a detailed, written gemological evaluation of any significant stone you choose to buy.
*The 4C's tips are reproduced from non-copywrited publications
by Jenny Evangelista August 18, 2015
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